دوشنبه 23 مرداد 1396
نویسنده: Tisha Young
Offering insight and equal consideration into the societies of the "civilized" and "uncivilized" world, "Europe and the People Without History" deftly explores the historical trajectory of so-called modern globalization. In this foundational text about the development of the global political economy, Eric R. Wolf challenges the long-held anthropological notion that non-European cultures and people were isolated and static entities before the advent of European colonialism and imperialism. Ironically referred to as "the People Without History" by Wolf, these societies before active colonization possessed perpetually changing, reactionary cultures and were indeed just as intertwined into the processes of the pre-Columbian global economic system as their European counterparts. Utilizing Marxian concepts and a vivid consideration for the importance of history, Wolf judiciously traces the effects and conditions in Europe and the rest of the "known" world, beginning in 1400 AD, that allowed capitalism to emerge as the dominant ideology of the modern era.
In the tradition of Oliver Sacks and Norman Doidge, Dr. Karen Pape, Europe and the People without History download ebook a respected neonatologist and clinical neuroscientist, demonstrates that neuroplasticity, the ability of the brain to change and heal itself, can transform childrens lives, just as it has transformed the outlook for adults suffering from brain injuries like stroke or Alzheimers. With profound implications for the nearly seventeen million children and adults worldwide living with cerebral palsy, The Boy Who Could Run But Not Walk demonstrates that cerebral palsy is not an incurable condition. The movement disorders are a physical habit that can be changed, with a lot of hard work. These stories of childrens recovery and improvements are a revelationsurprising, inspiring and illuminating, offering real hope for some of the worlds most vulnerable children. The significance of the title: The Boy Who Could Run, but Not Walk demonstrates the power of unconscious assumptions in medicine and science. The boy had cerebral palsy affecting one side of his body and he learned to walk badly with poor balance, but he was also able to play in a competitive junior soccer league. Dr Pape explains that we walk and run with the same parts of the brain. This means that if the run is normal, then the brain has recovered. The explanation is simple. He learned to walk with a damaged, immature brain. He learned to play soccer with a recovered, more mature brain. Doctors are trained to look at the abnormal walk, not more competent, later learned skills. This book offers readers a new understanding of how the baby brain grows and recovers differently than an adult brain.
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